Applied Geology Programme

Geology is the study of the history of our planet Earth and the processes that have acted upon it. Geologists are interested in the changes that the earth has undergone and how its physical, chemical, and biological systems have interacted during it’s 4.5 billion year history. Applied geologists utilise this historical records and knowledge to predict, find and recover materials that can be used profitably by humans, including fuels, ore minerals, and building materials.

The entire World economy is driven by energy (petroleum and uranium ores) and various metals derived from assorted mineral deposits. South Africa is endowed with numerous ore and fossil deposits, which will continue to need the attention of local geologists.

Degrees Offered

  • B.Sc. (Applied Geology)

APG 312

Undergraduate Programmes - Applied Geology Programme

APG312  Geology 312                                                                                                                  (30 credits)

[Pre-requisites: APG112 and GEL211 and GEL221 and GEL212 and GEL222 OR APG211 and APG212 and APG221 and APG222 ] 

Main Content: 

  •  Facies Analysis
  •  Stratigraphic methods
  •  Basin analysis
  •  Formation of petroleum, hydrocarbon occurrence, source rocks, host rocks and traps
  •  Seismic sections, logging and reservoir modeling

Main Outcomes: Student should:

  •  Be aware of the principles/ processes of facies analysis and depositional environments
  •  Develop skills for the stratigraphic interpretation of sedimentary rock sequences
  •  Have a conceptual understanding of the geological setting of sedimentary rocks in basins and their attributes
  •  Understand principles of petroleum formation and hydrocarbon occurrence
  •  Developed skills to interpretation of seismic sections, various logs
  •  Have a conceptual understanding of a reservoir and host rocks



APG 321

Undergraduate Programmes - Applied Geology Programme

Home Department

Earth Sciences (Applied Geology)

Module Topic

Igneous and metamorphic petrology, Ore deposits and Geochemistry

Generic Module Name

Geology 321

Alpha-numeric Code


Credit Value




Proposed semester/term

Second  Semester

Programmes in which the module will be offered

B.Sc. Applied Geology (APG)



Main Outcomes

On  completion of this module student will be able to:

  •  Recognize igneous and metamorphic rocks and associated textures in hand specimen and under the microscope


  •  Relate the changes in the mineralogy of igneous rocks to the variation in the chemistry of the rocks


  •  Have a conceptual understanding of the rocks, associated textures and various igneous and metamorphic rock forming processes


  •  Know the principles of concentration of mineral deposits in the context of various geological processes


  •  Understand the occurrence of various genetic types of ore deposits in relation to associated host rocks, mineralogy of ores, ore grade and geological setting


  •  Have a conceptual understanding of ore deposit formation and various geological processes as well as ore deposit exploration and evaluation
  •  Have an understanding of advanced concepts in geochemistry and their application in ore deposits study 
  •  Acquire and analyze geochemical data
  •  Have a conceptual understanding of element dispersion and isotopic fractionation and its application in ore deposit studies.













Main Content

  •  Formation of igneous and metamorphic rocks
  •  Classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks
  •  Introduction to mineral economics and genetic classification of ore deposits


  •  Magmatic, hydrothermal and sedimentary ore deposits and ore deposit models


  •  Concepts of mineral exploration and ore deposits evaluation


  •  Application of advance geochemical concepts in geology; aqueous solutions, isotope geochemistry, thermodynamics and surficial equilibria


  • Introduction to exploration geochemistry

Pre-requisite modules

APG 232 or equivalent

Co-requisite modules


Prohibited module Combination








A.Breakdown of Learning Time


B. Time-table  Requirement per week

Contact with lecturer / tutor:


Lectures p.w.

3 (3 hours)

Assignments & tasks:


Practicals p.w.

1 (6 hours)



Tutorials p.w.


Tests & examinations:




Total Learning Time


Methods of Student Assessment : CFA

Assignments, Class tests, Completion of practical exercises, Practical Test, Presentations, Attendance. 50%

Final theory examination: 50%













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